Innovation, Technology and Entrepreneurship

Research Programme

Industrial Revolution 4.0 is centred on Artificial Intelligence, machine learning and related technologies transforming as well as disrupting global processes of production and consumption. Technologies can be crucial to enable sustainable growth and inclusive development. Thus, this research and policy engagement focuses on understanding the impact of rapid technological developments in order to assess and enable a more equitable economy and society toward achieving the Sustainable Development Goals.

The programme focuses on understanding and evaluating the deployment of AI technologies and prevalent algorithmic approaches with a focus on enhancing human capability and equal opportunity. It engages with the governance and practices of rapid technological change, while delving into the urgent questions of ethics, fairness, inequality and social welfare.


Empowering Labour Force in Technology Driven Era: An Indian Context (2020). Ruth Kattumuri and Shantanu Singh. LSE India Observatory Working Paper 11.

Presentation: Artificial Intelligence for Sustainable Development (2019). Ruth Kattumuri and Shantanu Singh.

Smart Cities for Sustainable and Inclusive Urban Transitions: Some options for India (2019). Ehtisham Ahmad, Giorgio Brosio and Ruth Kattumuri. LSE India Observatory Working Paper 10.

Governance and Governed: Multi-Country Perspectives on State, Society and Development (2018). Edited by Ruth Kattumuri with Madhushree Sekher and S. Parasuraman. Springer.

Technology as a driver for governance by the people for the people (2018). Ruth Kattumuri. In: Sekher, Madhushree and Parasuraman, S. and Kattumuri, Ruth, (eds.) Governance and governed: multi-country perspectives on state, society and development. Springer, Singapore, 155-168.


Renewable technologies in Karnataka, India: jobs potential and co-benefits (2017). Ruth Kattumuri and Tobias Kruse. Climate and Development. Taylor & Francis Group. Oxford, UK.

‘To sell or not to sell’: Patent licensing versus selling by an outside innovator in the linear city framework (2017). Swapnendu Banerjee and Sougata Poddar. LSE India Observatory Working Paper 3.

Location Determinants of Foreign Direct Investment in Services: Evidence from Chinese Provincial-level data (2014). Feng Yin, Mingque Ye and Lingli Xu. LSE Asia Research Centre Working Paper 64.

An integrated networking approach for a sustainable textile sector in Solapur, India (2012). Rahul B. Hiremath, Ruth Kattumuri, Bimlesh Kumar, Vishwas N. Khatri and Sharmila S. Patil. Urbani izziv, 23(2).

IT Industry in Transformation: Opportunities and Challenges for India (2009). Raja Mitra. LSE Asia Research Centre Working Paper 29.


India's Policy on Genetically Modified Crops (2006). Anitha Ramanna. LSE Asia Research Centre Working Paper 15.

Other References from LSE
Featured Research

This presentation introduces an over-arching framework to envision and examine the effects of technological change on society and applies it to current developments in Artificial Intelligence. It uses the lens of the Circular Model of Technological for Sustainable Development to organise our knowledge about AI systems, and to push for an agenda for its management for societal benefit.


Presentation: Artificial Intelligence for Sustainable Development (2019). Ruth Kattumuri and Shantanu Singh.


Ruth Kattumuri
Shantanu Singh
KS Hari