Sustainability and Climate Change

Research Programme

Developing economies like India have to balance economic progress with concerns on climate change and effects on the environment. This research programme examines themes of environmental sustainability, climate resilience and the socio-economic implications of mitigation and adaption options to enable green growth. We seek to understand the challenges created by increasing pressures on environmental resources due to growing population trends and accelerated urbanisation. We explore approaches to develop innovative solutions through engaging with questions pertaining to deployment of renewable technologies, urban transitions, government policies and regulations, and also issues of equity and fairness, through evidence-based research with the aim of informing policy toward achieving economic development and sustainable development goals alongside environmental sustainability.

More information on research and partnerships by the LSE India Observatory can be found here.


Smart Cities for Sustainable and Inclusive Urban Transitions: Some options for India (2019). Ehtisham Ahmad, Giorgio Brosio and Ruth Kattumuri. LSE India Observatory Working Paper 10.

Financing climate change and sustainable growth (2019). Nicholas Stern. LSE Grantham Research Institute Policy Publication.

The missing economic risks in assessments of climate change impacts (2019). Ruth DeFries, Ottmar Edenhofer, Alex Halliday, Geoffrey Heal, Timothy Lenton, Michael Puma, James Rising, Johan Rockström, Alex C. Ruane, Hans Joachim Schellnhuber, David Stainforth, Nicholas Stern, Marco Tedesco, Bob Ward. LSE Grantham Research Institute Policy Publication.

Unlocking the strategic economic opportunity of clean and inclusive growth (2019). Patrick Curran, Nick Robins and Nicholas Stern. Financial Stability Review, 23: 29-38.

China’s 14th Plan, sustainable development and the new era (2019). Isabella Neuweg and Nicholas Stern. LSE Grantham Research Institute Policy Publication.

Sustainability and internationalism: driving development in the 21st century (2019). Nicholas Stern. LSE Grantham Research Institute Policy Publication.

Steering the climate system: an extended comment (2019). Linus Mattauch, Richard Millar, Frederick van der Ploeg, Armon Rezai, Anselm Schultes, Frank Venmans, Nico Bauer, Simon Dietz, Ottmar Edenhofer, Niall Farrell, Cameron Hepburn, Gunnar Luderer, Jacquelyn Pless, Fiona Spuler, Nicholas Stern and Alexander Teytelboym. LSE Grantham Research Institute Working Paper No. 315.

Decentralisation of Environmental Regulations in India (2018). Ruth Kattumuri and Stefania Lovo. Economic & Political Weekly, 53(43).

Sustaining natural resources in a changing environment (2018). Linda Hantrais, Ruth Kattumuri, and Ashley Thomas Lenihan (eds.) Contemporary Social Science, 13(1).

Sustaining natural resources in a changing environment: evidence, policy and impact (2018). Ruth Kattumuri. Contemporary Social Science, 13(1): 1-16.

Renewable technologies in Karnataka, India: jobs potential and co-benefits (2017). Ruth Kattumuri and Tobias Kruse. Climate and Development. Taylor & Francis Group. Oxford, UK.

Governance and Fiscal Policy for achieving the SDGs in the Asian Region: South‐South Learning (2017). Ehtisham Ahmad. LSE India Observatory Working Paper 9.

Public Investment for Sustainable Development (2017). Ehtisham Ahmad. LSE India Observatory Working Paper 8.

Contracting Arrangements and PPPs for Sustainable Development (2017). Ehtisham AhmadAnnalisa Vinella and Kezhou Xiao. LSE India Observatory Working Paper 7.

Political Economy of Tax Reform for SDGs: Improving the Investment Climate; Addressing Inequality; Stopping the Cheating (2017). Ehtisham Ahmad. LSE India Observatory Working Paper 6.

Sustainable Urban Development in India: A tale of two Mahindra World Cities (2017). Ruth Kattumuri, Sunil Kurian and Mahindra World Cities Team. LSE India Observatory Working Paper 5.

A More Sustainable Energy Strategy for India (2017). Montek Ahluwalia, Himanshu Gupta and Nicholas Stern. LSE India Observatory Working Paper 2.


Local adaptation strategies in semi-arid regions: Study of two villages in Karnataka, India (2015). Ruth Kattumuri, Darshini Ravindranath, and Tashina Esteves. Climate and Development. Taylor & Francis Group. Oxford, UK.

Why Are We Waiting? The Logic, Urgency, and Promise of Tackling Climate Change (2015). Nicholas Stern. MIT Press.


Mainstreaming adaptation to climate change in Indian policy planning (2014). Rajiv Kumar Chaturvedi, Ruth Kattumuri, and Darshini Ravindranath. International Journal of Applied Economics and Econometrics, 22(1): 23-56.

The Global Development of Policy Regimes to Combat Climate Change (2014). Edited by Nicholas Stern, Alex Bowen and John Whalley. World Scientific.

Crop Insurance for Adaptation to Climate Change in India (2014). Mamata Swain. LSE Asia Research Centre Working Paper 61.

Sustainable growth and climate change: Evolution of India's strategies (2014). Ruth Kattumuri and Darshini Ravindranath. In: Alex Bowen, John Whalley and Nicholas Stern (eds.) The Global Development of Policy Regimes to Combat Climate Change. World Scientific.

Poverty index as a tool for adaptation intervention to climate change in northeast India (2013). Malini Nair, N. H. Ravindranath, Nitasha Sharma, Ruth Kattumuri and Madhushree Munshi. Climate and Development, 5(1): 14-32.

Transition Lessons: Going green as a development strategy (2013). Alex Bowen and Ruth Kattumuri. In: Low-Carbon Green Growth in Asia: Policies and practices. 121-170. A joint study of the Asian Development Bank, Philippines and the Asian Development Bank Institute, Japan.

An integrated networking approach for a sustainable textile sector in Solapur, India (2012). Rahul B. Hiremath, Ruth Kattumuri, Bimlesh Kumar, Vishwas N. Khatri and Sharmila S. Patil. Urbani izziv, 23(2).

Low-carbon Growth and Development (2012). Nicholas Stern, James Rydge and Ruth Kattumuri. In: Kaushik Basu and Annemie Maertens (eds.) The New Oxford Companion to Economics in India. Oxford University Press.

MGNREGA for Environmental Service Enhancement and Vulnerability Reduction: Rapid Appraisal in Chitradurga District, Karnataka (2011). Rakesh Tiwari, H. I. Somashekhar, V. R. Ramakrishna Parama, Indu K. Murthy, M. S. Mohan Kumar, B. K. Mohan Kumar, Harshad Parate, Murari Varma, Sumedha Malaviya, Ananya S. Rao, Asmita Sengupta, Ruth Kattumuri and N. H. Ravindranath.

Environment and the Aging Experience Among South Indian Hunter-Gatherers (2011). Seetha Kakkoth. LSE Asia Research Centre Working Paper 53.

Cultivated Land Conversion in China and the Potential for Food Security and Sustainability (2010). Shunji Cui and Ruth Kattumuri. LSE Asia Research Centre Working Paper 35.

A Global Deal on Climate Change: A possible role for India (2010). Nicholas Stern, Ruth Kattumuri and Nandan Nilekani. In: Shankar Acharya and Rakesh Mohan (eds.) India’s Economy: Performances and Challenges. Oxford University Press.

Effective Carbon Taxes and Public Policy Options: Insights from India and Pakistan (2009). Ehtisham AhmadNicholas Stern. LSE Asia Research Centre Working Paper 28.

A Blueprint for a Safer Planet: How to Manage Climate Change and Create a New Era of Progress and Prosperity (2009). Nicholas Stern. Bodley Head.

India's Policy on Genetically Modified Crops (2006). Anitha Ramanna. LSE Asia Research Centre Working Paper 15.

Socio-economic study of sandalwood, rosewood and red sanders in four southern states in India (1992). J.P. Vijayathilakan and Ruth Kattumuri. Crafts Council of India, Chennai, India.

Other References from LSE

Featured Research

This presentation presents findings from the Mahindra World City, an experiment in sustainable urban development in India, in the context of the global sustainable development agenda.

Sustainable Natural Resources in a Changing Urban Landscape (2019). Kattumuri, R.


Ruth Kattumuri
Ankita Narain